1 “If you can remember anything about the 1960s, you weren’t really there,” so the saying goes. It may be true for those who spent their college years in a haze of marijuana smoke. But there is one thing everyone remembers about the 1960s: Going to college was the most exciting and stimulating experience of your life.
2 In the 1960s, California’s colleges and universities had transformed the state into the world’s seventh largest economy. However, Berkeley, the University of California’s main campus, was also well-known for its student demonstrations and strikes, and its atmosphere of political radicalism. When Ronald Reagan ran for office as governor of California in 1966, he asked if Californians would allow “a great university to be brought to its knees by a noisy, dissident minority”. The liberals replied that it was the ability to tolerate noisy, dissident minorities which made universities great.
3 On university campuses in Europe, mass socialist or communist movements gave rise to increasingly violent clashes between the establishment and the college students, with their new and passionate commitment to freedom and justice. Much of the protest was about the Vietnam War. But in France, the students of the Sorbonne in Paris managed to form an alliance with the trade unions and to launch a general strike, which ultimately brought about the resignation of President de Gaulle.
4 It wasn’t just the activism that characterized student life in the 1960s. Everywhere, going to college meant your first taste of real freedom, of late nights in the dorm or in the Junior Common Room, discussing the meaning of life. You used to have to go to college to read your first forbidden book, see your first indie film, or find someone who shared your passion for Jimi Hendrix or Lenny Bruce. It was a moment of unimaginable freedom, the most liberating in your life.
5 But where’s the passion today? What’s the matter with college? These days political, social and creative awakening seems to happen not because of college, but in spite of it. Of course, it’s true that higher education is still important. For example, in the UK, Prime Minister Blair was close to achieving his aim of getting 50 per cent of all under thirties into college by 2010 (even though a cynic would say that this was to keep them off the unemployment statistics). Yet college education is no longer a topic of great national importance. Today, college is seen as a kind of small town from which people are keen to escape. Some people drop out, but the most apathetic stay the course because it’s too much effort to leave.
6 Instead of the heady atmosphere of freedom which students in the 1960s discovered, students today are much more serious. The British Council has recently done research into the factors which help international students decide where to study. In descending order these are: quality of courses, employment prospects, affordability, personal security issues, lifestyle, and accessibility. College has become a means to an end, an opportunity to increase one’s chances on the employment market, and not an end in itself, which gives you the chance to imagine, just for a short while, that you can change the world.
7 The gap between childhood and college has shrunk, and so has the gap between college and the real world. One of the reasons may be financial. In an uncertain world, many children rely on their parents’ support much longer than they used to. Students leaving university in the 21st century simply cannot afford to set up their own home because it’s too expensive. Another possible reason is the communications revolution. Gone are the days when a son or daughter rang home once or twice a term. Today students are umbilically linked to their parents by their cell phones. And as for finding like-minded friends to share a passion for obscure literature or music, well, we have the Internet and chat rooms to help us do that.
8 “Bliss was it in that dawn to be alive,
But to be young was very heaven!”
9 Wordsworth may have written these lines about the French Revolution, but they were also true for the students of the 1960s. So why aren’t they true for the students of today?
5，Volunteering has now become the norm for college students in China.They went to the community to serve the elderly, go to school in mountain areas, hold love donation activities, or volunteer at important international events such as the World Expo or the Olympic Games. Participating in volunteer activities helps students acquire professional skills, enrich social experience and improve moral standards. The majority of college students believe that it is their duty and obligation to participate in volunteer activities. They hope to do something meaningful to return the society andpromote the development of society.
1 “Frank never went to pilot school, medical school, law school, … because he’s still in high school.”
2 That was the strapline of the 2002 film Catch Me If You Can, which tells the story of Frank Abagnale, Jr. (Leonardo DiCaprio), a brilliant young master of deception who at different times impersonated a doctor, a lawyer, and an airplane pilot, forging checks worth more than six million dollars in 26 countries. He became the youngest man to ever make the FBI’s most-wanted list for forgery. Hunted and caught in the film by fictional FBI agent Carl Hanratty (Tom Hanks), Abagnale later escaped. He eventually became a consultant for the FBI where he focused on white-collar crime.
3 It’s a great film, but could it happen in real life? In fact, Catch Me If You Can is based on the true story of Frank Abagnale, whose career as a fraudster lasted about six years before he was caught, who escaped from custody three times (once through an airplane toilet), and who spent a total of six years in prison in France, Sweden and the US. He now runs a consultancy advising the world of business how to avoid fraud. He has raised enough money to pay back all his victims, and is now a multimillionaire.
4 Since 2003, identity theft has become increasingly common. Few people could imagine how important things like taking mail to the post office and not leaving it in the mailbox for pickup, shredding documents instead of throwing them out with the trash, even using a pen costing a couple of bucks, have become to avoid life-changing crimes.
5 More and more people are becoming anonymous victims of identity theft. We spend many hours and dollars trying to recover our name, our credit, our money and our lives. We need to look for different ways to protect ourselves. We can improve our chances of avoiding this crime, but it will never go away.
6 It’s not just a list of do’s and don’ts, we need to change our mindset. Although online banking is now commonplace, there’s a significant group of people in the country – the baby boomers, 15 per cent of the population – who still prefer to use paper. What’s more, 30 per cent of cases of fraud occur within this group. A check has all the information about you that an identity thief needs. If you use a ballpoint pen, the ink can be removed with the help of a regular household chemical and the sum of money can be changed. More than 1.2 million bad checks are issued every day, more than 13 per second.
7 Check fraud is big business … and growing by 25 per cent every year. Criminals count on our mistakes to make their jobs easier. So how can we prevent identity theft before it happens to us?
8 Take a few precautions. Don’t leave your mail in your mailbox overnight or over the weekend. Thieves wait for the red flag to go up, so they can look through your outgoing mail for useful personal information or checks. Use a gel pen for checks and important forms; the ink is trapped in the fibre of the paper, and it can’t be removed with chemicals. Also, shred or tear up all documents which contain personal information before you put them in the trash.
9 Remember that there are plenty of online opportunities for thieves to create a false identity based on your own. We’re all aware of the risks to personal information on computer databases by hacking and Trojan horses. But choosing someone and doing a Google search can also yield large amounts of personal information, and so can online social networking sites such as Facebook and Bebo. And just as we take our pocketbook with us when we leave the office to go to the bathroom, it’s also worth logging off your computer to avoid opportunistic theft.
10 Finally, if you get robbed in a more traditional way – in the street – canceling your credit cards is obviously the first thing to do. But don’t forget that even after they’re reported lost, they can be used as identification to acquire store cards … and you get the criminal record.
11 Identity fraud can go on for years without the victim’s knowledge. There is no escaping the fact that right now fraudsters are finding identity crime all too easy. If you haven’t had your identity stolen, it’s only because they haven’t got to you yet. Your turn will come.
5 Translate the paragraph into Chinese.
There have been many remarkable technological innovations in recent years, including the Internet, personal computer systems, and handheld devices. The Internet continues to evolve, and to make our daily lives easier. However, despite all the benefits of high-tech advancement, it also poses new problems that we have to deal with. One of these is cybercrime, which is a growing concern for ordinary people as well as experts. Experts have developed various ways to prevent cybercrime targeted at individuals, families, businesses, and government agencies. We can also protect ourselves against cybercrime targeted at individuals by limiting the amount of personal information we put online. We must never provide any personal data to unknown agencies or individuals online. It is also important to be cautious about opening email attachments and installing programs on our computers.
近年来涌现了许多重大技术发明，其中包括互联网、个人电脑系统及掌上设备。互联网技术不断发 展，给我们的日常生活带来了诸多便利。然而，虽然高科技的发展带来了种种好处，它也带来了有 待解决的新问题，其中一个就是网络犯罪。网络犯罪已成为普通民众及专家日益关注的问题。专家 们提出了各种方法来预防针对个人、家庭、企业及政府机关的网络犯罪。在预防针对个人的网络犯 罪方面，我们必须尽量减少在网上发布个人信息以自我保护。我们应避免向陌生的在线机构和个人 提供个人信息。要格外提防那些要求在电脑上进行安装的网站或邮箱附件，这一点也十分重要。
6 Translate the paragraph into English.
In the middle and late 20th century, the rapid development of science and technology witnessed the birth of high technology, represented by the Internet. But at the same time various high-tech crimes, as represented by cybercrime, also arose, constituting a potential threat to the healthy development of society. How to prevent and reduce high-tech crimes has become a common concern. China is facing a similar situation. To avoid or reduce losses caused by high-tech crimes, we should keep alert in our daily lives, so as not to be deceived.
1 Centuries ago people didn’t have much free time, because everyone was working too hard. In Britain in the 19th century, people had more time off, but the Victorians thought relaxing and doing nothing was a sin. So to avoid temptation, they invented football, rugby and cricket. People took up more gentle leisure activities like bird-watching, gardening and trainspotting, and it was even possible simply to watch a sport and give the impression that you were actually doing something useful.
2 One instance of this is cricket, which is a peculiar game with weird rules, where nothing happens for five days, at the end of which the players often decide to call it a draw. And everyone, players and spectators, feel perfectly fulfilled by this non-event. It’s a good example of what we can now call a leisure inactivity.
3 Gradually over the years, leisure inactivities have involved even less interaction. In the 1990s a new leisure creature evolved, one who thinks that lying on the sofa watching sport or DVDs on the television is the most exciting inactivity they can manage. This is the couch potato.
4 So who wants to be a couch potato? Well, as a matter of fact, many people do, and for understandable reasons. Maybe it’s your one day off in the week. Maybe you just got back from work or school. Maybe you’re tired and just want to chill. For the couch potato, every activity is too much trouble, and laziness is an art form.
5 How do you become a couch potato? It’s easy. Sit down in a comfortable place, such as a reclining chair, a beanbag or … you knew it was coming … a couch. Don’t sit on a potato. Make sure you have everything you need, snacks (especially potato chips – no serious couch potato would eat anything else), drinks, magazines and a telly.
6 The most important piece of equipment is of course, the remote control. Without the freedom to change channel without moving from the couch, no couch potato would be worthy of the name. In fact, watching TV without a remote control becomes dangerously like physical exercise, and probably should be avoided.
7 Now just start watching the telly. Change channels every ten seconds, and then move on. Don’t be too keen, try not to get too interested in anything, because that risks your status as a couch potato. (Remember that you have the attention span of a Maris Piper.) Finally, ask other people to do things for you, like get more food, or rent a movie. But be nice to them! If you aren’t nice, you’ll probably have to do it yourself.
8 But with every new fashion, there’s a reaction. British farmers were recently reported by the BBC to be angry at the use of the expression couch potato, because it was damaging the vegetable’s image. Potatoes are inherently healthy, says the British Potato Council, and is organizing protests to demand the removal of couch potato from the Oxford English Dictionary.
9 So there you are! Couch potatoes are healthy.
10 Of course, for the true couch potato, there are inherent risks. Perhaps the greatest of these results from the lack of exercise, and is referred to by professional couch potatoes as telly belly. Some, however, see their telly bellyas a mark of their dedication to their leisure inactivity, and wear it proudly over the top of their trousers. (Interestingly, this is a highly fashionable style known as a muffin top. Find out why next time you’re in Starbucks.)
11 But times move on, and in the 21st century we now have a version of the couch potato specially for the online activities on the computer. This is called the mouse potato. A mouse potato spends excessive amounts of time in front of a computer monitor, with the same lack of interest in the outside world as their older cousin, the couch potato. Mouse potatoes are addicted to online gaming with other fellow tubers around the world. In fact, leaving the computer not only seems pointless but also risks a threat by some rival mouse potato in a brighter time zone across the world. For time off, they usually perform extensive Internet searches or participate in online chat rooms, leaving ill-informed and badly spelt opinions around the virtual world, and generally insulting one’s intelligence.
12 For the more adventurous mouse potatoes, you can even travel the world and visit countries you might otherwise never see by going to CouchPotatoTravel. com. You can also find out how much time you spend on your computer by logging the distance your mouse travels. These are called mouse miles, and who knows, maybe one day you can exchange them for more potato chips at all good computer stores.
13 So with a minimum of effort you too can have your own leisure inactivity. Become a couch potato! Earn that telly belly! Train hard as a mouse potato, and earn mouse miles. Get started today. There’s so much time, and so little to do.
4 Translate the paragraph into Chinese.
An amusement park is a group of entertainment attractions, rides, and other events in a location for the enjoyment of large numbers of people. Amusement parks evolved from three earlier traditions: European fairs, pleasure gardens and World’s fairs and expositions. In common language, the terms “theme park” and “amusement park” are often synonymous. However, a theme park can be regarded as a distinct style of amusement park. A theme park has landscaping, buildings, and attractions that are based on one or more specific themes or stories. The amusement park industry’s offerings range from large, worldwide theme parks such as Walt Disney World, SeaWorld Orlando and Universal Studios Hollywood to smaller and medium-sized theme parks such as the Six Flags parks and Cedar Fair parks. Walt Disney World’s Magic Kingdom is the most visited theme park in the world. The Cinderella Castle, the park’s icon, is also one of the most photographed buildings in the United States.
5 Translate the paragraph into English.
Since 2008, with the implementation of the free admissions policy, Chinese museums have had more than 20,000 exhibitions, which have attracted over 600 million visitors each year. Museums are not only places to display collections, but also sites with educational, entertainment and recreational functions. For Chinese people, visiting museums has become an important means of enjoying their leisure time. On weekends and holidays, parents take their children to various kinds of museums. While visiting a place, apart from eating amazing local food and enjoying beautiful scenery, tourists may also visit local museums to learn more about its history and culture.
1 In the old days it was easy. They were going to be the best three years of your life, and you knew it. You spent your time chatting late into the night with new-found friends in coffee bars and pubs, playing your heart out in the squash courts and on the cricket field, or strutting across the stage as a leading light of the university dramatic society. Whatever your interest, university life catered for it. And, let’s not forget, you would usually manage to keep up with the work too, by doing the required reading and dashing off the week’s essay at the last minute. The only thing you didn’t find time for was thinking about what came afterwards, at the end of those three exciting years. But you didn’t need to, because whatever your chosen career, the companies were all lining up to offer you a job.
2 That was what it was like in the old days as a student in the UK. But things have changed. A recent study of Britain’s major multinational companies reveals that even with a good degree graduates can no longer walk into the top jobs. Today there are twice as many universities as there were just 30 years ago, and 40 per cent of young people now go on to higher education. So with no shortage of graduates, a good degree has become vital in the search for a job. Competition is tough, and today’s students are spending more time than ever preparing for those dreaded final exams, or doing low-paid part-time jobs to pay off debts.
3 But that’s just the problem. In the opinion of managers from more than 200 British companies, students are spending too much time studying, or worrying about making ends meet, instead of joining clubs and acquiring basic skills such as teamwork and making presentations. The managers also said that they were prepared to leave jobs unfilled rather than appoint graduates who didn’t have the necessary skills to get ahead in the global market.
4 But what can be done about the problem? The solution, the managers believe, is to include social skills in degree courses; and some universities are taking the advice. At the University of Southampton, for example, history students have to do a 12-week project – frequently related to the local context – working in teams of six. This includes making a presentation, writing a group thesis, and carrying out a public service, which might involve teaching schoolchildren or making a radio programme about the topic.
5 There can be no doubt that this sort of cooperative approach can help many students develop personal skills which will help improve their prospects in their search for a job. One of the most well-known personality tests used by employers when interviewing candidates, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), puts the extrovert / introvert dichotomy at the top of the list of personality traits it tries to analyze. There are no “right answers” in such tests, but extroverts, it is assumed, are going to be more suited to jobs in which they have to work in teams or deal with other people.
6 Equally interesting in the Southampton project is the conviction that students should be aware of the wider community, and find ways to make contributions to it. In today’s shrinking world, students are increasingly aware that a university is not an ivory tower of learning, cut off from the real problems of the world, but on the contrary, can itself be an agent for change for a better world. There are numerous ways in which students can be volunteers – before, during, or after their degree courses. With courses making heavy demands on students’ time, as we have seen, a popular option is to take a gap year before or after university.
7 Typically, volunteering might mean helping the sick or elderly, entertaining underprivileged children on holiday camps, teaching in a Third World country or perhaps working on agricultural or environmental projects.
8 For students who choose to offer their talents in this way, one side effect is to gain a wealth of experience to be added to the CV, which will not go unnoticed by future employers. But a word of warning is in order: You should remember what your priorities are. As Shane Irwin, who worked for two years in Papua New Guinea, puts it: “Volunteering teaches you valuable career skills, but I don’t think you should be looking to bolster your CV through volunteering – the main reason you should get involved is because you want to help.”
6 Translate the paragraph into Chinese.
On 4 February, 2004, a Harvard student named Mark Zuckerberg, along with a few of his fellow classmates, had an idea to create a social network for Harvard students. Dubbed “TheFacebook”, the site was a place where students could communicate and share photos with their friends. Within a month, TheFacebook grew in popularity, prompting its founders to include students from other well-respected universities. It didn’t take long for it to become a fully-fledged (成熟的) business that Zuckerberg decided to expand to most of the universities in the US and Canada. It eventually opened the site to any user, rather than just college students. From humble beginnings, Facebook (the company dropped the “The” from its name in 2005) has grown to become the world’s No. 1 social network with more than 350 million users worldwide. Now Facebook has become a major cultural touchstone, and the buzz (热度) it captured in the early part of this decade shows no sign of abating (消退).
7 Translate the paragraph into English.
With the increasingly fierce competition in the job market, Chinese college students are attaching more and more importance to internships. Every year, a lot of senior students take part in internships which may help them find out whether they have made the right choice of career and have a clear idea of what they are going to do in their target job and what the job demands; it also helps students learn skills and cultivate their abilities. Taking internships is an effective way to secure a good job. In recruiting new staff, companies tend to prefer applicants with relevant internship experience. Some companies will give preference to those who have done an internship in their companies.
With the increasingly fierce competition in the job market, Chinese college students are paying more and more attention to internships. Every year, a large number of senior students participate in internships. Internship helps students verify their career choices, understand the content and requirements of the target work, study skills, and exercise skills. Internships are an effective way to help students find a good job. When recruiting, companies tend to look for applicants with relevant internship experience. Some companies will give priority to recruiting their interns when they are recruiting.